A diamond knife blade used for chopping ultrathin sections for transmission electron microscopy. The diamond may be cut up by a single, nicely calculated blow of a hammer to a pointed tool, which is quick, however risky. Alternatively, it may be cut with a diamond noticed, which is a extra reliable but tedious process. The hardness of diamond and its ability to cleave strongly depend upon the crystal orientation.
- Diamonds are extraordinarily hard, but in addition brittle and may be break up up by a single blow.
- Generally, within the trade, the values of diamonds are checked towards the 4Cs – carat , shade, reduce, and clarity.
- Note that lab-grown diamonds may also normally have no imperfections because they are additionally produced in fastidiously managed environments.
Another frequent source that does maintain diamonds intact is eclogite, a metamorphic rock that usually forms from basalt as an oceanic plate plunges into …